1. Expand the range of your vocabularies
Speaking in any language requires words that you can use to express your opinion about a topic, and English is no exception. The more words you know, the better you can deliver your idea. You should learn vocabularies about a wide range of topics that are usually asked in the actual IELTS test.
IELTS speaking test starts with some general questions about yourself and your life background, which last 4-5 minutes. Then you will be given a particular topic written on a card to speak about for 2 minutes. Finally, you are asked more questions about the same topic in a 4–5-minute conversation.
So, you should start by focusing on simple words and phrases to describe your life background, such as your home, education, work and hobbies. It is best to be spontaneous and not exactly rehearsed, which is achieved by learning more words and phrases and being comfortable talking about yourself!
To prepare for the second part you should research hot social topics such as health, environment, technology, nature, travel, sport, weather, education, books, films, music, friends, and food to get ready for the specific topic of the test. Choose interesting topics and practice talking about them. You don’t have to use jargon when giving your opinion about them, but common terminologies of the related industry improve your score.
To make your speech more natural, use contractions such as “I’m” and “I’d”.
It is also a good idea to learn how to ask the examiner to repeat a question if you didn’t understand one. “Could you repeat the question please?” and “Sorry, I didn’t catch that” are appropriate ways to do that. But don’t do it more than once and instead pay close attention to the questions so you can hear them correctly.