1. Analyze the questions first
The listening test contains four recordings. Before listening to each one of them, you will be given some time (around 20-35 seconds) to read the questions.
It would be best if you learned to use this time well. It might not be very long, but it’s long enough to do the vital preparation work that will enable you to answer the questions successfully.
In the listening test, you will be asked a variety of different types of questions. During this time, you must be able to quickly identify what types of questions you are required to answer. Sometimes the introduction will tell you, or it will be obvious. Other times, you will have to look more closely to decide.
It would help if you also tried to predict the answer. This means to say what type of word you think the answer will be based on the evidence that you have. Prediction is one of the most valuable strategies of the IELTS listening test because it identifies the type of information you will need to listen for in the recording.